Strategic roadmap

60 years of European solidarity

In response to the plight of people driven from their homes by the upheavals of the 20th century, the “Council of Europe Resettlement Fund for National Refugees and Overpopulation in Europe” was established in April 1956 and tasked with aiding the integration of refugees and migrants. In 2016, the CEB marked its 60th anniversary. 

Growing membership

Established as a Partial Agreement of the Council of Europe, the CEB was founded by eight member states, thus reflecting very diverse horizons: Belgium, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, and Turkey.

Today, the CEB has 41 members and its membership reflects Europe’s own geographical and cultural diversity. The CEB is the only multilateral development bank with an exclusively social vocation and constitutes a major instrument of the policy of solidarity in Europe.

The CEB today

60 years after the establishment of the CEB, Europe is once again confronted with serious challenges. The CEB’s investments in key social fields such as housing, health and education, coupled with its continued support for job creation and climate action, represent an important contribution to inclusive development.

Through the provision of financing and technical expertise for projects with a high social impact, the CEB actively promotes social cohesion and strengthens social integration in Europe.

Firmly committed to its social mandate and well prepared to tackle present and future challenges, the CEB is determined to work towards building a better Europe.


Key moments

  • 1956
    The CEB was created in the form of a Resettlement Fund to contribute to financing projects for the resettlement of refugees from World War II and its aftermath.
  • 1993
    The Council of Europe Vienna Summit signalled a wave of new member countries from Central, Eastern and then South-Eastern Europe joining the CEB.
  • 1997
    The Strasbourg Summit widened the CEB’s mandate to include strengthening social cohesion, alongside the statutory priorities set out in its Articles of Agreement.
  • 2005
    The Warsaw Summit invited the CEB to contribute in its own way to the development of a free, democratic and more inclusive European society.